The Effect of COVID-19 on cybersecurity

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The ongoing pandemic has created fresh challenges for many businesses with remote working becoming the new norm. Due to companies accelerating their digital transformation, cybersecurity has become cause for major concern. Neglecting the risks of cybersecurity issues presents companies with various operational, legal and compliance implications.

Despite this rise in the need for technology, it is evident that many organisations still do not provide a remote-working environment that is safe from cybercrime. Where business meetings have traditionally been held in-person, most now take place virtually. In Switzerland, cyberattacks more than doubled during April of 2020 compared to the previous year. This may be seen across many countries and a major cause for this increase is that individuals working at home do not enjoy the same level of inherent protection/deterrent measures from a working environment. A recent study by Tessian shows that 47% of individuals fall for a phishing attack while working remotely.

Cyber-attackers have been perceiving this pandemic as simply an opportunity to increase their criminal activities by exploiting the vulnerability of employees working from home and capitalizing on people’s strong interest in coronavirus-related news, such as malicious fake coronavirus related websites. In fact, since January 2020 more than £11 million have been lost due to COVID-19 scams.

Another interesting fact is that from February till May 2020 more than half a million people globally were affected by breaches in which the personal data of video conferencing users was stolen and sold on the dark web. To execute such attacks, they use the technique known as ‘OpenBullet’ to steal user credentials and gain access to confidential data which is then sold to other cybercriminals. Such information may be used to demand a sort of ransom from the companies, or else be released to the public in order to damage the company’s reputation.

Moreover, many small and medium sized companies have adopted a Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) approach whereby employees use their personal devices to access corporate information. This results in users being much more exposed to cyberattacks and is another reason for the recent spike in cybercrime. Even with the security of Mobile Device Management (MDM) solution, accessing corporate files and data from personal devices remotely does not guarantee the same level of cybersecurity as an office environment. For example, employees may not run an antivirus or anti-malware scan regularly, if at all. One reason for this is that a home working environment does not have sophisticated enterprise prevention and detection measures. Additionally, home Wi-Fi networks are much easier to attack.

In 2020, the percentage of previously unseen malware and cyberattack methods increased to 35%, up from an average of 20% in pre-pandemic times. Some of the new attacks now also use a form of machine learning which adapts to its environment and remains undetected. Phishing attacks are also becoming more sophisticated and using different channels such as SMS and voice (vishing). A lot of these attacks are also exploiting news about vaccine developments. On the other hand, ransomware attacks are becoming more sophisticated, with hackers combining data leakage attacks with ransomware to persuade victims to pay the ransom.

Most small businesses are not equipped to deal with the risks of such cybercrime, since cybersecurity was not always a key priority in the fast deployment of remote working capabilities. However, there are various ways in which companies can implement essential cybercrime mitigation measures. To begin with, employees should be provided with a licence for antivirus and malware software to be used on all their personal devices. Employees must also be trained on the best practices and procedures when sending and receiving emails or uploading data to the cloud. Moreover, Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) also add an extra layer of protection when using home internet, while setting up a home WIFI network with a strong password also helps.

Furthermore, businesses should run frequent tests to identify any weak spots and patch the most critical vulnerabilities. Continuously reviewing all systems and IT procedures is vital to evaluate exposure to cybersecurity risk and determine whether existing controls are sufficient.

I.T Budgets in 2021: Planning for Business Continuity in Uncertain times

The global pandemic that shaped 2020 accelerated many business trends, including remote working and digital transformation, forcing I.T leaders to adapt their budgets accordingly. Most companies’ budget cycle was also disrupted, with most shifting their IT spending and plans for new projects.

After the considerable decline in global tech spending in 2020, Gartner forecasts a 4.3% recovery over 2021, but this will still see a 3.3% decline from the 2019 figure. The analyst firm warns that a relatively smooth recovery of top-line IT spending does not mean there is no turbulence across countries, industries and markets. Another study by IoT Analytics suggests that remote working and supply chain issues were the most important tech-related issues for CEOs during the second quarter of 2020. As time went by, IT leaders became all the more pessimistic of the negative implications of the pandemic on their IT budget forecasts. At first, most companies were certain of their continued budget growths, with most thinking that their budgets were adequate to meet business needs and IT priorities. Then, uncertainty regarding new projects and future budgets set in and tech companies started becoming cautious.

Gartner now expects technology spend to recover at a faster rate than the overall economy. However, enterprises cannot return to previous processes as these are now rendered outdated, due to the disruption of their primary revenue stream during the pandemic. Businesses have been forced to use 2020 as an evaluation period to understand the changes that must be made to keep up with new customer demands and adapt to the “new normal”. In the digital age we live in, people and businesses heavily rely on technology to help them fulfil needs and desired outcomes; digital transformation for businesses is becoming a requirement.

A company’s ability to appropriately budget for its technology expenditures is now more vital than ever. The new differentiator in the industry will be their ability to be agile and adaptive to new technology trends that encourage the efficiency and security of their remote workforce. Technology considerations to budget for in 2021 include, cloud services, cybersecurity, communications services and managed IT services.

Cloud services are used to virtualize servers, desktops, business software, mobile applications, email services, data storage and other services which, if combined with a managed platform, are fully managed and delivered from a secure and reliable location. Companies benefit from adopting a cloud platform because it offers a way to conduct business at anytime and from anywhere. With most businesses having their workforce work remotely during the current situation, cloud services are crucial to ensure employees can be productive and collaborate while working from home. Whether collaborating on projects, engaging with customers or managing business operations, the cloud serves as the foundation to enable all these job functions to be conducted remotely and efficiently. Cloud-based business productivity software, like Microsoft 365, allows employees to collaborate and communicate remotely, with each other and with customers.  When it comes to IT spending priorities, cloud infrastructure and applications must definitely be at the top of the list.

Businesses are not the only ones noticing the rise in demand for remote and digital technologies. Cybercriminals have also observed that newly implemented cloud-based remote workstations expose companies to various vulnerabilities. This is due to employees’ inexperience, as well as, the new systems and processes. Gartner also indicates that ransomware will pose a major threat in 2021, with an attack occurring every 11 seconds. Simply having an anti-virus software will no longer be sufficient; companies must prioritize cybersecurity as a top technology investment to secure their IT assets.

CIOs are increasingly moving towards third-party IT vendors and they are spending more of their budgets on subscription products. Spending on Infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) is expected to grow and budget-conscious companies will increasingly want to outsource via managed IT services for increased convenience, decreased costs, and increased efficiency. One thing is for sure; 2020 brought about a structural shift in various industries, driving businesses towards digital transformation, which has made them more agile and flexible in the long-run.

Check out the best cloud storage solutions for businesses

These days, with so many of us working from home, having reliable cloud storage is paramount. Most business processes and services now run primarily in the cloud, which has resulted in business storage applications continuing to adapt in order to serve the changing needs of their customers. Storage space is also more affordable than ever and in terms of capacity, most cloud storage providers offer considerable amounts of storage in various tiers.

Best cloud storage services of 2020:

Dropbox – most of us have a Dropbox account due to it being the pioneer of personal cloud storage. Even though it only offers 2gb of free storage, this can be used on any platform; one can access files through the Dropbox website, desktop applications for Mac, Windows, and Linux, as well as, the iOS, Android, and Kindle Fire mobile apps. This means that users need not worry about syncing their files. If users need more storage, Dropbox offers personal plans of up to 3TB of storage, while business plans start at 3TB with a 14-day free trial. Moreover, Dropbox Standard Service provides 5TB with the cost depending on the number of users, making it very cost effective for small organisations.

Google Drive – the tech giant now offers its online office suite, Google docs, together with its cloud service. Simply having a Google account gives users 15gb of free storage and an excellent office suite. In fact, many businesses are now using this as their complete cloud-based office service. When more storage is needed, Google One offers plans of up to 30TB and all the plans allow users to share storage with up to 5 people. Furthermore, the Google One app on Android and iOS automatically backs up smartphones, including device data, multimedia messages and photos/videos in their original quality.

iCloud Drive – as with most Apple products, the benefits of this cloud service are best realised when used with Apple’s latest products and, even then, it definitely won’t blow you away. The personal cloud storage service is available on web, Windows and all Apple operating systems, but not on Android. This will immediately put off most organisations that require the service to be used by various employees. Additionally, the Drive tends to be quite slow and some users have also had trouble syncing files between Apple devices. Most used to think that iCloud will eventually be for Apple users what OneDrive is for Windows users – but unfortunately that does not seem to be the case.

OneDrive – Microsoft did a great job by merging the Windows desktop with cloud storage. For Windows users, it couldn’t get much easier since OneDrive is just another directory in the File Explorer. This allows for very quick access to Windows users, but one can also access the drive from desktop apps for Mac, Android, iOS, Windows phone and even Xbox. However, the real selling point is that it works very closely with Microsoft Office programs; with Office 365, one can collaborate with colleagues through documents and spreadsheets in real-time. For Windows users, there is no dilemma on which service to choose, but Microsoft also offers great subscription plans for other users, with a maximum of 6TB of storage.

 

The real value from a cloud storage service comes from how well it works for you or your business. Some work much better with certain operating systems and business plans than others. There are many other service providers and what works for one organisation may not be suitable for another. This is why the Clamtech team is always in a position to offer you sound Cloud Computing advice, as well as, helping you select the right solution that is best suited to your organisation.

What can the Quantum Internet really accomplish?

The Quantum Internet is emerging – one experiment at a time. Scientists from all around the world are working on this technology to be able to communicate by teleportation. However, most still do not know exactly what it is and what value it will present to its users.

Simply put, the future quantum internet will use qubits of quantum information, which can take on an infinite number of values. The quantum internet is a network that will be designed to allow quantum devices to exchange data within an environment that harnesses the laws of quantum mechanics. This will eventually result in unprecedented capabilities, which are impossible to carry out using the current applications.

Instead of the bits that today’s networks use, which can only express a value of either 0 or 1, the quantum internet would utilize qubits of quantum information, which can take on an infinite number of values. As a result, it will have much more bandwidth; making it possible to connect very powerful quantum computers and other devices that run massive applications.

With that being said, qubits can be lost or scattered in fibre-optic cables, meaning that they are quite error-prone and are limited when travelling over long distances. In fact, current experiments are limited to a few hundred kilometres. The solution to this is entanglement, which is what supports the quantum internet. When two qubits interact with each other and become entangled they share certain properties and any change in one particle of the pair will result in a change to the other. Thus, in quantum telecommunication entanglement can teleport information from one qubit to its entangled other half without any physical channel. This collection of shared entanglement between pairs of people across the world is what essentially constitutes the quantum internet.

Furthermore, once this is possible on a large scale, the quantum internet will be extraordinarily fast; making GPS navigation much more accurate than it is today and giving scientists the means to map the Earth’s gravitational field in astonishing detail, allowing them to spot the ripple of gravitational waves. Complex simulations can also be created, which allow researchers to get a better understanding of the behaviour of molecules and proteins in order to develop and test new medicine.

However, one should note that the quantum internet will not replace the regular internet, but rather, it will complement it. This means that it will address some of the problems that currently limit the internet. Since messages over the internet travel along a straight line, signals that transmit the message degrade, repeaters read the signals and correct any errors. The issue is that it allows hackers to intercept the message. This is where the benefit of quantum is truly realised; such networks will use particles of light photons to send messages which are not vulnerable to cyberattacks. In fact, Ray Newell, a researcher at Los Alamos National Laboratory, says that “you can’t copy it or cut it in half, and you can’t even look at it without changing it.” This is because simply trying to intercept a message will destroy it, enabling encryption that is much more secure than anything available today.

This might all sound like a sci-fi concept, but building quantum networks is a key ambition for many countries around the world today. Whatever happens, the next generation of the Internet will rely on revolutionary new technology — allowing for unhackable networks and information that travels faster than the speed of light.

Check out the latest Web Design trends

Designers and other content creators are constantly changing and adapting their websites, as we ceaselessly experiment with different styles, which have been constantly evolving as a response to the latest design trends. This allows them to stay competitive; guaranteeing that the website always looks modern and professional.

We aren’t sure what 2021 has in store for us, but rest assured that these styles will not be going anywhere any time soon. People have taken a liking to various minimalist styles, as the focus is shifting to simplicity and ease of use of the website.

The following are the web design trends that were most prominent during 2020 and which will continue to be commonly used over the coming years.

 

  1. Dark Mode

This is a simplistic yet highly sought-after style. It entails placing light coloured text, icons and other elements on a dark background. Numerous platforms, such as Facebook, YouTube and Instagram are switching off the lights. This style is considered elegant, causes less eyestrain and consumes less energy. Many websites have been using this style in their latest updates with great success.

This design dominated 2019 and 2020, and will not end anytime soon.

 

  1. Minimalist
    A style from the past; emerging in the late 1950s, when an artist had their Black Paintings exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. This style is bound to stay popular and even though many features have changed over the years, its core essentials have remained constant. We can also observe that minimalism is trending once again. Moreover, thanks to minimalist User Interface (UI) users can navigate through the website with ease.

    Cramming unrelated information into one section can make it difficult for users to find the services you offer, but such designs minimize the amount of information users view on each webpage.

 

  1. Layers and Floating Elements

    These layers and floating elements can showcase products in a visually appealing way. This recent trend converts an image by applying a pseudo-3D effect, which can be done on text, icons or graphics as well.

    When first seen, it can look like it has overlapping layers, and with different colours it can certainly make for unique websites.



  1. Black & White

    In 2020, many people travelled through time, going back to when photographs were Black & White. With other trending designs, such as Minimalism, the black and white trend has also recently emerged and it is often used simultaneously with other designs. To some, this can be seen as elegant, modern and very aesthetically pleasing.

    However, with that being said, one must ensure that all photographs are of very high quality when using such designs. It is recommended to use 3 shades of grey, as this makes the photographs and other icons stand out.

 

 

  1. Video Headers

    A vital component for visual designs is an image. This helps a prospective client know what the brand is offering. However, videos have the ability of giving website visitors a live experience.

    Most of the world benefits from a fast internet connection, so embedding a video on your landing page will not freeze users’ devices and this, in turn, will provide the users with immersive and interactive experiences. This trend has the power of engaging your audience, which, as a result, stay on your webpage for a longer time. In 2019, plenty of websites started using short-clips and the trend has continued well into 2020.

 

We can already see that diversity will dominate the web design world in years to come. Trends will range from flamboyant to simplistic designs and web designers have an array of choices that can help them grab the attention of users. Furthermore, web design is responsible for 95% of a visitors’ first impression of a brand. This is why business have now realised the importance of great designs to maximise sales.

Why you should outsource Backup Management

Data management is vital within every organisation and can make or break a company’s operational structure. Data must be secure and redundant, having effective data recovery mechanisms put in place, in case of a crisis incident. These are very demanding tasks and many organisations find it very difficult to manage such a large amount of data, so they turn to third party agencies, that store and manage the organisation’s data.

 

Reasons to outsource backup management:

  • Every business relies heavily on its data to conduct day to day operations. Without data, operations come to a halt. It is, therefore, a no-brainer to have an effective back-up plan in place.
  • Compliance and regulation – these depend on the specific industry that the business is operating in and include data use practices and storage requirements. Some industries have specific regulatory guidelines, while others, not so much. Data management gets even more complicated since some applications or users within the company may have specific data requirements.
  • Data volume is rising – costs associated with storing and managing an ever-growing volume of data are rising. The more transactions a company has, the more data must be stored. It Is vital for businesses to efficiently free-up storage to make it available for new data and reduce storage costs. This is why many companies choose to outsource their backup management; it is considerably cheaper than storing everything internally.
  • Efficient workforce – companies are often better off outsourcing data management, to allow internal employees to focus on core activities and make the best use of their time and energy.
  • Flexibility – organisations that outsource their backup management have the ability to increase their storage capacity whenever the need arises, without making a huge investment in software, hardware or employees. Those who manage their data internally must invest in excess capacity, constantly update their servers, monitor and configure software, and so on. You will get better value for money and much better performance if storage systems are managed by a professional third-party agency.

 

Types of backup outsourcing:

 

Insourcing – a type of outsourcing with which a company invites a vendor to manage its data, using onsite resources, remote resources, or a combination of both. This is generally used by medium to large organisations.

Online backup – transfer data from the organisation’s data center, over a network, to an offsite service provider that will manage said data. This is generally used by small companies or ones with limited resources.

Hosted backup services – organisations transfer data to an external vendor who offers the backup service. It is used by companies that need a large storage of data.

 

Once an organisation decides to outsource its backup management, it is vital to choose the right vendor, which will provide guidance on which type of outsourcing and medium are most suitable for the organisation. The vendor must have specialised employees to perform the backups and the chosen medium should be scalable. Furthermore, the organisation should also make sure that the vendor has enough capability, in terms of employees, tools and other resources to meet its needs on time. Finally, it is highly recommended that one checks details about the vendor and makes sure that the service agreement is compatible with the organisation’s requirements. For more information regarding this service, kindly contact Clamtech on +356 2090 8800 or by email on: [email protected]

How will AI transform the business world?

Some people may still think of Artificial Intelligence (AI) as some sort of science fiction, but most of us now understand how much it has developed and become part of our daily lives. With it being accepted by mainstream society, businesses have also realised its wide range of uses. As artificial intelligence technologies advance, they are becoming vital for companies to maintain a competitive advantage.

Business models across different industries are at different levels of AI adoption, but most are using it to improve customer services, data analysis, predicting performance to automate workloads and so on. Thus, many experts say that the trend towards adoption is currently not adequately responding to its rapidly evolving intelligence capabilities.

Everything is becoming more connected and as such, businesses now have the ability of collecting more data, get insights and innovate. This will result in the markets evolving by becoming faster marketplaces, with streamlined operations, dynamic businesses and more informed consumers.

Artificial Intelligence excels at processing and analysing large data sets much quicker than a human brain could. AI software can present synthesized courses of action to the human user. In this way, humans can use AI to help predict the possible consequences of each action and streamline the company’s decision-making process.

Moreover, this technology is also changing Customer Relationship Management (CRM) systems. Software, like Salesforce or Zoho, requires heavy human intervention to stay updated and accurate. However, when AI is applied to these platforms, an average CRM system transforms into a self-updating, auto-correcting system that stays on top of a company’s relationship management.

Another example of AI’s versatility is within the financial sector. Dr. Hossein Rahnama, founder and CEO of Flybits, worked on integrating this technology into regular banking operations, such as mortgage loans. He stated that with this new technology, if a customer has a mortgage with a bank that is up for a renewal soon and the customer is walking by a branch, he will receive a personalised message to go to the branch and renew the mortgage. Furthermore, if a user is looking at a property for, say over 10 minutes, a personalised mortgage offer will be sent. The goal here is that customers are no longer expected to search online for everything they need. Such technology focuses on shifting to how the right information finds the right user at the right time.

Even with the exciting future that AI brings with it, there are growing concerns about business model transformations and the risks associated with it. Businesses often foster an environment of mistrust towards each other within their industries. This prevents a common approach to data collection and information access. Moreover, many countries also lack the required digital data infrastructure.

Therefore, even though AI is integral in the future of businesses across nations, the emerging trends are presenting various risks and uncertainties. AI-driven business transformation is closely linked to how nations manage their significant data capabilities. Many experts in the field are emphasising the need to advance data initiatives in order to gather more information that evolves the AI landscape further.

Forecasting the impact of cybercrime on the VPN market

A Virtual Private Network (VPN) allows users to create secure connections with other networks over the internet. They can be used to access region-restricted websites and keep browsing activity private, especially when using public Wi-Fi. This market is growing at an exponential rate, with its value exceeding $25 billion in 2019 and is expected to grow at a rate of 12% over the next six years.

The VPN offers various benefits and ensures that connected systems offer the appropriate level of security, when underlying systems fail to provide it. It eliminates unauthorised access to networks and creates a secure bridge between source computers and the destination.

Technological advancement is also seeing new threats enter the current network environment. The past decade has seen the internet become a universal platform for conducting business; attracting cybercriminals engaging in financial fraud and theft. As a result, companies have been investing in new security solutions in order to safeguard their online transactions. VPNs are a core component of cybersecurity and the growth of this market has a direct impact on the growth of the VPN market. VPNs are one of the easiest ways for the general public, and businesses alike, to secure their network and online privacy without needing too much technological know-how.

Greater awareness of cybercrime is the main reason for this surge in demand for security amongst companies, as well as, individual internet users. As a result, the VPN market has seen an explosion in growth in recent years. The internet is surely not as secure as some may think; ransomware, spyware, malware, and phishing are very common threats which people face everyday.

Furthermore, the rise in companies’ adoption of Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) policies has also increased the need for private network tools on many devices, to allow employees to work remotely and securely. This protects both the company network and the individual devices form cyberattacks.

In Europe, VPN market revenue is also predicted to expand at over 10% annually, which can be attributed to various government initiatives and compliance regulations that require companies to adopt advanced security measures to protect their data and employees against cyberattacks. This is also attributed to a drastic rise in mobile internet users in the region, with users deploying VPN solutions on smartphones to mitigate the risk of cyberattacks. In fact, this is driving the market for mobile VPNs.

Moreover, peoples’ private data is now being accessed by many companies, with recent data breaches making the average internet user more much more aware of the potential dangers of sharing personal data online. Many companies that operate through multiple branches or remote workers are also investing heavily in cybersecurity practices, like VPN technology, due to the higher risk of data breaches. The ever-increasing number of devices connected to servers also create vulnerabilities in the network infrastructure.

Having said this, VPNs also tend to reduce speed and performance, since they carry data to a different server before redirecting the user to the desired webpage. This may restrain the growth of the market during the forecasted period.

For more information regarding such services, kindly contact Clamtech on +356 2090 8800 or by email on: [email protected]

The benefits of telecommunication for small businesses

Telecommunication does not only bring people together; it also brings businesses closer. Today, it is not a question of whether or not a business uses telecommunication, but rather, how well it is utilizing the benefits of such technologies. This includes all the technologies that may be used to exchange information with others over long distances, through electronic channels. These include smartphones, the internet and any other wireless and satellite systems that connect computers.

The most obvious benefit of this technology is improved and faster communication. It allows companies to communicate will all their prospects, customers, as well as, suppliers and all stakeholders. Such platforms allow for a more efficient and effective sales process, complaint handling and responding to service requests. In fact, ordering from suppliers is not only fast, but may also be automatic; Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software may be used to automatically order replacement items when a sale is made, without any human intervention.

Increased collaboration and flexibility are clear advantages of such technologies for businesses. Smartphones, laptops and tablets connected to a cellular service or WIFI network allow employees to connect with each other any time and from anywhere in the world. It is especially beneficial for cross-functional teams to work together. People can collaborate on the same report or project and see everyone’s contribution in real-time, through services like Microsoft OneDrive and Google Drive. In addition, online chat software and video-conferencing applications give employees the opportunity to work from remote locations. This has facilitated the rise in teleworking that was essential during the past months due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Going forward, the imminent introduction of 5G wireless systems will surely enhance the speed of video calls and make such technologies more accessible to everyone.

Building interpersonal customer relationships and loyal customers is paramount for the success of small businesses. Telecommunications with integrated databases and algorithmic software allow organisations to communicate with customers in ways that were not possible a few years back. By using Customer Relationship Management (CRM) systems, a business can keep a record of all its interactions with each individual customer. This allows them to gain insight into customers’ personal preferences, likes and dislikes and what marketing communications would be best suited for them. Understanding one’s customer is no longer based on demographics or statistics, but on a data-based analysis of each individual. Thus, telecommunications allow companies to modify their marketing message to target their customers.

For small business to succeed, they must have timely and reliable communication within their organisation and with their customers. Choosing the right telecommunications service provider, as well as, the right software and IT vendor are vital for the well-being of the company.

For more information regarding such services, kindly contact Clamtech on +356 2090 8800 or by email on: [email protected]

The hype around Quantum computing

Quantum computing is a form of computing which uses qubits instead of bits in order to solve complex computations with many possible combinations and variables. It has created massive hype in the tech world over the past few years. From drug discoveries to market forecasting; the potential for quantum is expansive and companies like Microsoft and Google have realised this and invested heavily in the technology.  However, many argue that its development is lacking behind.

There is a growing anxiety in the quantum world that as investment accelerates, the hype balloon inflates. Even governments, from China to the US, had promised over $1 billion investment in quantum and related technologies. Most countries are undoubtably looking to harness maximum potential from the technology but critics argue that this potential may take decades to be realised and some researchers have their doubts on whether these high expectations can actually be satisfied. Even worse, some speculate that the technology might actually make the world a worse place. “With more money comes more promises, and more pressure to fulfil those promises, which leads to more exaggerated claims,” says Bermejo-Vega.

There are also serious concerns relating to quantum computing’s need for environmentally unfriendly infrastructure to store the huge volume of data. Sabine Hossenfelder, from The Guardian, says that a future quantum computer will be able to produce 10 terabytes of data per second and will require many conventional computers to operate and monitor them. Others argue that we are yet to see real evidence that the technology is worth the resources invested in it.

Google contributed to the hype when they announced their ‘quantum supremacy demonstration’, in which company researchers performed a mostly useless mathematical problem on a quantum computer, which it completed faster than a supercomputer. Bermejo-Vega thinks that this demonstration did provide some scientific value of the technology’s viability, but to suggest ‘supremacy’ over supercomputers is false.

However, even with all its critics, the industry continues to make positive strides towards developing a commercial quantum computer. 2019 was an interesting year for the industry; Microsoft designed a programming language for quantum and IBM released a new 20 qubit quantum computer, called IBM Q System One. Furthermore, Microsoft also released the Quantum Development Kit, which helps programmers experiment with the technology and create new applications with it. In May 2019, the company announced that its Kit had been downloaded 100,000 times. British Telecommunications (BT) is also working on using quantum mechanics to improve communication security, while KPN implemented end-to-end quantum key distribution to secure transmissions. Meanwhile, other companies, like Airbus, have begun to leverage quantum for various uses. The company has leveraged existing quantum computers to deal with storage and compute big data in aerospace, such as: analysing satellite images or creating new materials for aircrafts.

While the technology may not revolutionise computing and the way be process data any time soon, it is worth keeping an eye on the emerging technology and its application in the real world. Some of the buzz around it has elements of truth but, as always, the hype is often not in touch with today’s reality. Advances in quantum have not yet had quite the impact they were forecast to, but over the next 5 year there is no doubt that significant advances will have enormous impact on certain industries, even if they do not impact the average person.